The OTS Instructional Design process is a systematic approach that identifies the who, what, when, where, why, and how of training. The process strives to blend the needs of the learner with the desired outcomes of the training. Designed instruction focuses on facilitating the learning of the individual and developing training programs, and their required support materials, in an effective and efficient manner. The goal of any training program should be to fill the gap between what the learner can do (current performance/knowledge) and what the learner should be able to do (desired performance/knowledge).
At its heart, the OTS Instructional Design process addresses the following questions:
- Is there a valid need for designed instruction? (Needs assessment/Gap analysis)
- Who is the program being developed for? (Learner Characteristics)
- Specifically, what should the learners learn? (Instructional Objectives)
- How instructional material is best delivered and learned? (Instructional Strategies)
- How is effectiveness measured and instruction refined, if necessary? (Evaluation)
The success of any training program is ultimately measured by the learning that takes place (filling the gap between current performance/knowledge and desired performance/knowledge.)